Listed MEMORIAL

In 1991, as part of the celebrations for the 100th anniversary since the foundation of Ethniki Insurance and upon its request to the Ministry of Culture, the site was declared a ‘listed memorial’. The detention centres underwent restoration and conservation work in order to better show off the detainees’ graffiti and messages on the metal doors, walls and windows.
Texts, names, dates, drawings etc. were preserved and the two basements were opened to the public.

During conservation work, paper, metal and glass objects were found in the tanks, the sewerage watertight manholes and the metal door recesses. Small objects belonging to the detainees that had been neglected or hidden for almost half a century in invisible parts of the underground areas came to light, were cared for by experts and exhibited. For the completion of the conservation works, a group of scientists from the Ministry of Culture worked under Assistant Professor, Mr. N. Minos.

The walls of the Korai4 Mansion’s underground detention centre: detainees’ graffiti and messages are visible, as well as the conservation materials

On 16 May 1991, the Site of Historical Memory 1941-1944 was inaugurated by Konstantinos Mitsotakis, Prime Minister at the time, who honoured the fighters of the war and the National Resistance against the Germans, stating among others:

``... Faithful to the ideals of their forefathers and the values that were nurtured under the Acropolis holy rock and subsequently spread around the world, the Greeks of the 1940-1944 period stood their ground and amazed the world, first with our troops' heroic struggles in the Epirus mountains and the Macedonian fortresses, immediately afterwards with the Battle of Crete, which is unique in world history, from every perspective, and, then, without stop, with the National Resistance against the German Occupation, whose contribution to the final victory has been recognized by all our allies as well as our foes in the battlefield...

In the evening before the inauguration day, as part of the celebrations, the Spiritual March (poets by Angelos Sikelianos) composed by Mikis Theodorakis was performed for the first time in Athens Concert Hall, in a concert hosted by Ethniki Insurance. Said concert that also comprised the “Eighteen Short Songs of the Bitter Motherland” was the first concert given by Mikis Theodorakis in Athens Concert Hall. The singers were Maria Dimitriadi, Petros Pandis and Manos Mountakis. The concert hosted the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation’s Pops Orchestra, the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation’s Choir and Thessaloniki Friends of Music Choir under Antonis Kontogeorgiou.

 

In the evening before the inauguration day, as part of the celebrations, the Spiritual March (poets by Angelos Sikelianos) composed by Mikis Theodorakis was performed for the first time in Athens Concert Hall, in a concert hosted by Ethniki Insurance. Said concert that also comprised the “Eighteen Short Songs of the Bitter Motherland” was the first concert given by Mikis Theodorakis in Athens Concert Hall. The singers were Maria Dimitriadi, Petros Pandis and Manos Mountakis. The concert hosted the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation’s Pops Orchestra, the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation’s Choir and Thessaloniki Friends of Music Choir under Antonis Kontogeorgiou.

In the past years, the Memorial Site underwent conservation work several times due to its particular nature and microclimate conditions in the underground areas (increased moisture, etc.). In parallel, the site’s activities expanded to the organization of exhibitions, events, theatrical plays etc.

Poster: Miki Theodorakis’ concert in the Athens Concert Hall

Listed Memorial Site

Αριθ. ΥΠΠΟ/ΔΙΛΑΠ/Γ/626/13206

Ο ΥΠΟΥΡΓΟΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΜΟΥ   Έχοντας υπόψη:   1. Τις διατάξεις: α) Του Ν. 1558/85 «περί Κυβέρνησης και Κυβερνητικών Οργάνων» που δημοσιεύθηκε στο ΦΕΚ 137/τ.Α΄/26.7.85. β) Του άρθρου 52 του Ν. 5351/1932 «περί Αρχαιοτήτων». γ) Του Ν. 1469/50 «περί προστασίας ειδικής κατηγορίας οικοδομημάτων και έργων τέχνης μεταγενεστέρων του 1830». δ) Του Π.Δ. 941/77 «περί Οργανισμού του ΥΠΠΕ». ε) Την Π.Α. Υ/1021/20.4.90 «περί καθορισμού αρμοδιοτήτων της Αναπληρωτού Υπουργού Πολιτισμού Α. Ψαρούδα-Μπενάκη» (ΦΕΚ 286/τ.Β/20.4.90) και την ΥΑ ΥΠΠΟ/ΓΝΟΣ/54280/20.12.90 (ΦΕΚ 824/τ.Β/28.12.90). 2. Το Π.Δ. 161/26.4.84 (ΦΕΚ 54/Α/30.4.84) «περί ανακατανομής αρμοδιοτήτων των Υπουργείων ΥΠΠΕ-ΥΧΟΠ». 3. Όλα τα στοιχεία του φακέλου. 4. Την ομόφωνη γνωμοδότηση του Κεντρικού Συμβουλίου Νεωτέρων Μνημείων με αριθμό 3/31.1.91, αποφασίζουμε: Χαρακτηρίζουμε ως ιστορικά διατηρητέα μνημεία που χρειάζονται ειδική κρατική προστασία σύμφωνα με τις διατάξεις του Ν. 1469/50 τα υπόγεια του κτιρίου της οδού Κοραή 4 στην Αθήνα, ιδιοκτησίας της Εταιρείας «ΑΕΕΓΑ Η ΕΘΝΙΚΗ», διότι αποτελεί σημαντικό στοιχείο της νεώτερης ιστορίας της χώρας και μνημείο των αγώνων των Ελλήνων για την Ελευθερία, κατά την περίοδο της Γερμανικής Κατοχής στην Ελλάδα, 1941-1944.   Η απόφαση αυτή να δημοσιευθεί στην Εφημερίδα της Κυβερνήσεως.   Αθήνα, 18 Μαρτίου 1991 Η ΑΝΑΠΛ. ΥΠΟΥΡΓΟΣ ΑΝΝΑ ΨΑΡΟΥΔΑ-ΜΠΕΝΑΚΗ

Board meeting regarding Korai 4’s declaration as a ‘listed memorial;

ΦΕΚ

You can download in .pdf format the Board Meeting FEK as well as the Declaration FEK.